Activity Recall Board
A Visual Cue for Children With Language Delays
This study sought to determine if using a visual cue was an effective method of stimulating recall in a child with Down Syndrome. While there is a wide array of research on the effects of visual aids in children who have been diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder, there is a gap in research concerning the impacts visual aids have on children who have Trisomy Twenty-One. This study implemented a visual aid which depicted activities completed in therapy in order to determine if the visual stimulation would aid in the client’s ability to recall events of that day’s therapy session. Effectiveness of a model, effectiveness of reinforcement, and the ability of the child to generalize the visual aid in new settings were also assessed. A multiple baseline design with six stages was employed to allow for analysis of each research question. It was found that after the introduction of a model and reinforcement, the visual aid was effective in increasing the number of activities which the client could correctly recall. This was supported by the findings in each phase, including the phases of generalization.